Biophilia, first introduced by Erich Fromm in 1973 and later re-invented by in 1984 by Edward O. Wilson, is a concept according to which human beings have a close affinity with and need for nature. The concept has since been applied in multiple settings including architecture and design and the development of the study of bio-urbanism, which sees the urban organism as a hyper complex and interrelated system.
Forest Medicine/Bathing – Shinrin-yoku is the science of using nature to heal based on research that demonstrates the healing power of trees. The discipline explores the biological mechanisms in nature that induce healing and well-being in humans as well as the impact on our health and well-being.
Originated in Japan in the early 1980s and may be regarded as a form of nature therapy. In Japan, Shinrin-yoku has become established across all prefectures with more than 60 Forest Therapy Camps. Forest Medicine expert, Dr Qing Li’s research has proven that spending time around trees (even filling your home with house plants and vaporizing essential tree oils) can reduce blood pressure, lower stress, boost energy, boost immune system and even help you to lose weight.
Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) empowers people to change the way they think and work towards a sustainable future. One way to promote ESD at the local level is through lifelong learning programmes that impart new knowledge, skills and attitudes to learners of all ages and from all backgrounds. UNESCO 20.12.2018